Kangayam breed is also known as “Kanganad” and “Kongu”. The breeding tract of this breed is Coimbatore, Erode, Dindigul, Karur and Namakkal district of Tamil Nadu. This breed derives its name from its habitat - Kangayam taluk of Erode district (earlier part of Coimbatore district). Late Pattogar of Palayakottai developed this breed. This breed resembles Umblachery breed. Animals true to the type are available in Kangayam and Dharapuram taluks of Erode district, and Karur taluk of Karur district. There are two varieties of Kangayam cattle, small and large. The smaller variety is found in the Kangayam, Dharapuram, Udumalpet, Pollachi, Paddadam and Erode subdivisions, while the larger variety is found in the areas of Karur, Aravakurchi and Dindigul subdivisions of Tamil Nadu. The breed is usually gray or white in color. Coat is red at birth, but changes to grey at about 6 month of age. The males are generally gray in color with black or very dark gray markings on the head, neck, hump and quarters. Cows are generally white and gray with deep markings on the knees, and just above the fetlocks on all four legs. The most prominent feature of this breed is that they have dark eyes with prominent black rings around them. Horn are long and strong, take backward, outward and upward sweep and then curving inward with tips tending to meet each other to form crescent shape. Kangayam cattle are of moderate size, active and powerful, and are highly prized draught animals. Bullocks have good capacity for work and are used for various agricultural operations and for works like sugarcane load hauling. Average lactation milk yield of Kangayam cattle is 540 kg with an average milk fat of 3.9%.
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Compiled by Animal Breeding Group, NDDB from Information System on Animal Genetic Resources of India (AGRI-IS)- developed at National Bureau of Animal genetic Resources, Karnal, Hariana, India.