Ponwar, a draught breed of cattle from North India, is believed to be evolved from a mix of hilly cattle (Morang - Nepalese hill cattle) and plain land cattle. It is also known as “Purnea”. Its breeding tract is the Pilibhit district of Uttar Pradesh. There is no particular pattern but black and white patches are intermixed. They possess medium sized horns, which generally emerge outward, upward and then curve inward with pointed tips. The animals behave in semi-wild manner and are tough to control. They move in groups putting their heads down in between each other which is a peculiar behavior that has emerged due to fear from predators. The animals are maintained in extensive management system, without provision of sheds and are raised entirely on grazing in forestland without feed supplementation. Females are generally not milked and calves are allowed to suckle the milk. Bullocks are fast movers and therefore used both for agricultural operations and transportation. Cows produces a fair amount of milk with an average yield of 459 Kg per lactation.
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Compiled by Animal Breeding Group, NDDB from Information System on Animal Genetic Resources of India (AGRI-IS)- developed at National Bureau of Animal genetic Resources, Karnal, Hariana, India.