Surti is also known as Charotari, Deccani, Gujarati, Nadiadi and Talabda. The breeding tract includes Vadodara, Bharuch, Kheda and Surat districts of Gujarat. The breed is named after its place of origin. Coat colour varies from rusty brown through siliver- grey to black. Skin is black or brown in colour. Horns are flat, sickle shaped and are directed down ward and backward, and then turn upward at the tip to form a hook. Average milk per lactation & average fat % are 1667 kg with 7.02% respectively. Majority of farmers maintain mixed herd of buffaloes and cows. Animal sheds are mostly part of human residence but some farmers provide separate houses. About 50% of houses are open type and 50% are closed type. All houses have kutcha walls. The Surti buffalo is lighter in body weight, as compared to heavy breeds, consume less feed, thrives well both on stovers and on limited or no green fodder, and produce milk with high fat and SNF content. It is popular with land less, small and marginal farmers.
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Compiled by Animal Breeding Group, NDDB from Information System on Animal Genetic Resources of India (AGRI-IS)- developed at National Bureau of Animal genetic Resources, Karnal, Hariana, India.