The breed got its name from the name of its native tract, which is surrounding the Chilika lake in the State of Odisha. The breeding tract of the breed includes Cuttack, Ganjam, Puri and Khurda districts of Odisha. The area mostly comprises of saline zone. These buffaloes feed on submerged weeds and aquatic vegetations in saly waters of chilika lake.Chilika buffalo is also known as “Deshi”. Major utility of the breed is milk, manure and draught.  The colour of Chilika buffalo is brownish black or black. The buffalo is medium sized with comp act body, strong legs and small udder. Horns are black, straight, curved upward and inward. Average lactation milk yield is 500 kg with an average milk fat of 8.7%. The lactation milk yield ranges from 440 to 514 kilo grams  and milk fat ranges from 8.5 to   8.8%.

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Compiled by Animal Breeding Group, NDDB from Information System on Animal Genetic Resources of India (AGRI-IS)- developed at National Bureau of Animal genetic Resources, Karnal, Hariana,  India.