Jaffarabadi is one of the heaviest buffalo breeds and is a native of Saurashtra region of Gujarat around Gir forest. It is also known as Bhavanagri, Gir or Jaffari. It is named after the town of Jaffarabad of Gujarat state. The breeding tract includes Amreli, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Porbandar and Rajkot districts of Gujarat state. The animals weigh up to 700 Kgs (average) and female animals may weigh 620 kgs (average). The animal have a big dome shaped forehead with flat, thick, downwardly curved horns. The bulge of forehead sometimes covers eyelids also. Horns exhibit wide variation, but usually emerge out by compressing the head, go downward sideways, then upward and inward finally forming a ring like structure. Horn shape is peculiar in this breed. It makes eyes to look small - termed as study eye, especially in males. This breed is known for its ability to fight lions in Gir forest. The animals are generally black but some animals having white or grey tail switch are also seen. They are very good milkers. Average milk yield of the animals is 2239 kilo grams per lactation with a fat % of 7.7. The lactation yield ranges from 2150 to 2340 Kg.
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Compiled by Animal Breeding Group, NDDB from Information System on Animal Genetic Resources of India (AGRI-IS)- developed at National Bureau of Animal genetic Resources, Karnal, Hariana, India.