Named after the place of origin (Kalahandi in the State of Odisha), Kalahandi is a buffalo breed reared for milk, draught and manure. It is also known as “Deshi”.  The breeding tract includes Kalahandi and Rayagada districts of Odisha. Coat colour ranges from blackish grey to grey. They have flat foreheads with golden hairs. Few animals possess unique whitish marks in neck region. Horns go horizontally backward, upward and inward to make a half-circle appearance. The muzzle, eyelids, tail and hoofs are black in colour. Head is convex, hump is small and the udder is round and medium in size. Tail extends below hock with coarse hairs on switch. The animals are well-adapted to low input extensive management system and graze in forest, hillocks, road-side vegetation or harvested vegetation throughout the day. Buffaloes are milked only once in the morning before grazing. Lactation milk yield is moderate, ranging from 680 to 912 Kg per lactation. Draught tolerance, disease resistance and heat tolerance are its special features in the native tract.

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Compiled by Animal Breeding Group, NDDB from Information System on Animal Genetic Resources of India (AGRI-IS)- developed at National Bureau of Animal genetic Resources, Karnal, Hariana,  India.