Foot Rot

  • Foot rot is a bacterial infection which is of great economic importance for dairying.
  • The incidence varies according to weather, season of year, grazing periods, housing system, type of flooring etc.
  • Stony ground,  sharp gravel and pasturing on coarse stubble also predispose to  the condition.



  • Fever and anorexia.
  • Reduced milk yield.
  • Swelling of inter-digital space.
  • Foul smell from lesion.
  • Severe lameness -Animal holds leg in air to relieve pressure.
  • Hind feet are affected most often and cattle tend to stand and walk on their toes.



  • Remove sources of injury and keep feet dry and clean.
  • Animals that are actively shedding infectious organisms should be isolated until signs of lameness have disappeared.
  • Steps should be taken to ensure that areas around drinking troughs, gateways, and tracks are adequately drained.
  • Preventive use of a footbath with an astringent and antiseptic solution eg. copper sulphate
  • 5% & zinc sulphate 10%, gives good results.
  • Systemic therapy is more important  than topical treatment.
  • Prompt diagnosis and initiation of parenteral antimicrobial therapy are essential to achieve a satisfactory response.
  • If improvement is not  evident within three to four days, it may mean the infection has invaded the deeper tissues.
  • Contact a veterinarian immediately on observing the above symptoms.


                                     Proper foot care is very important