Ghumusari breed of cattle is also known as “Deshi”. Breeding tract includes western part of Ganjam district and adjoining areas of Phulbani district of Odisha. It is chiefly a draught cattle breed, but few animals are maintained for milk, manure and fuel. The draughtability of bullocks is considered superior than other breeds of bullocks in the native tract. The animals are small sized and strong in built. They are chiefly white in color, but sometimes shades of grey are also visible. The horns are medium sized, mostly curved upward and inward, but some animals having straight horns as well. The animals of this breed have a small head with flat, broad forehead, depressed in between the eyes. The animals are maintained in semi-intensive management system, and rarely fed any concentrate. Lactating cows and bullocks are fed with straw, rice bran and kitchen waste. Cows are milked only once in morning hours. The milk yield per lactation ranges from 450-650 kg, with milk fat ranging from 4.8-4.9%.

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Compiled by Animal Breeding Group, NDDB from Information System on Animal Genetic Resources of India (AGRI-IS)- developed at National Bureau of Animal genetic Resources, Karnal, Hariana,  India.