Khariar is named after its native tract "Khariar" in Nuapada district of Odisha. Breeding tract comprises Nuapada, Kalahandi and Balangir districts of Odisha. Heavy concentration of animals of this breed is found in Khariar, Komna, Sinapali and Boden blocks of Nuapada district. Coat colour is mainly brown and sometimes grey. Horns are straight and often emerge upward and inward. Animals of this breed are  small sized and of strong built. Hump, neck, and some regions of face and back are dark in colour. The breed is used for draught purpose in its native tract, which is hilly and undulated. The lactation milk yield ranges from 300 to 450 Kg with 4 to 5 % Fat.

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Compiled by Animal Breeding Group, NDDB from Information System on Animal Genetic Resources of India (AGRI-IS)- developed at National Bureau of Animal genetic Resources, Karnal, Hariana,  India.