Is a draught breed and bullocks are known for quick draught capability. The breeding tract of this breed is Belgaum, Bijapur, Dharwad, Gulbarga, Bangalkote district of Karnataka and Pune, Satara, Sangli, Solapur, Kolhapur, Osmanabad district of Maharashtra. Khillar breed is also known as “Mandeshi”, “Shikari” and “Thillar”. This breed is believed to have originated from Hallikar or Amritmahal breed of cattle. Four types of Khillar cattle are prevalent in different parts of the country. “Atpadi Mahal” in Southern Maharashtra, “Mhaswad” in Solapur and Satara area, “Thillari” in Satpura range of hills, and “Nakali” in adjoining area of this region. The typical Khillar animal is compact and tight skinned, with clean cut features. The whole appearance is like a compact cylinder with stout, strongly set limbs. There is a slight rise in the level of the back towards the pelvis. Horns are long and pointed and follow the backward curve of the forehead which are placed close together at the root with thick base, grow backward for half of the length and then turn upwards in a smooth bow shape peculiar to this breed ending in pointing tips. The ribs are well sprung and give the trunk a barrel shape. The gait of Khillar is quick and spirited. Khillar cattle of Deccan plateau - the “Mhaswad” and the “Atpadi Mahal” type are greyish-white. Males are dark over the fore & hindquarters with peculiar grey and white mottled marking on face. The “Tapti Khillar” are white with carroty nose and carroty hooves. Bullocks are highly valued as fast powerful draught animals. They can travel miles without showing any signs of fatigue. Average milk yield per lactation of Khillar cattle is 451 kg with an average milk fat of 4.2 %. The lactation yield ranges from 240 to 515 kilo grams.
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Compiled by Animal Breeding Group, NDDB from Information System on Animal Genetic Resources of India (AGRI-IS) - developed at National Bureau of Animal genetic Resources, Karnal, Hariana, India.