The breed has many synonyms such as “Berari”, “Gaorani”, “Puranthadi”, “Varhadi”, “Gaolavi”, “Arvi”, “Gaolaogan”, “Gangauri”, “Shahi” and “Chanda”. The breeding tract includes Akola, Amravati, Yavatmal, Wardha and Nagpur districts of Maharashtra. The breed is maintained for milk and draught purposes. The animals of this breed are very well-adapted to the harsh climate of Vidarbha region. These buffaloes are used for heavy draught purpose and Farmers prefer this breed due to its low maintance cost, efficiency of feed conversion, moderate production and better adapation to local climatic conditions. The breed is black with white patches on face, legs and tail tips. However, “Puranthadi” strain is slightly brown in color. The horns are long, flat and curved, bending backward on each side of the neck nearly up to the shoulders with tips pointed mostly in upward direction. The animals are maintained in semi-intensive management system. Buffaloes and heifers in this area are reared mainly for fat production. Average milk yield per lactation is 1039 kg ranging from 760-1500 kg with average milk fat of 8.25% ranging from 7.0-8.8%.
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Compiled by Animal Breeding Group, NDDB from Information System on Animal Genetic Resources of India (AGRI-IS)- developed at National Bureau of Animal genetic Resources, Karnal, Hariana, India.