ORGANOPHOSPHOROUS (OP) POISONING
- Pesticides are used on both plants and animals to control crop pests that and to control ticks on cattle.
- A majority of pesticides are organophosphorous (OP) compounds which are active poisons.
COMMON SYMPTOMS OF OP POISONING IN CATTLE & BUFFALO
- Severe depression
- Frequent urination
- Diarrhea, colic, and dyspnoea
- Involuntary muscle contraction and relaxation which may
be visible under the skin.
- Nervousness, ataxia, apprehension, and seizures
- Pupillary constriction
PREVENTION AND CONTROL
- Animal should be fed adequate water before applying liquid/spray on the animal body to kill ticks.
- The fodder sprayed with insecticides should be properly washed with water before feeding it to the animal.
- Apply the pesticide as directed on the label at the recommended dose and time.
- Do not treat sick, emaciated or convalescent animals, or animals under severe stress with pesticides for removing external parasites.
- Generally, animals less than 3 months of age should not be treated for external parasites with pesticides.
- Keep animals away from pesticide containers (new or used) or pesticide-contaminated feed.
- Check the label for restrictions regarding application in conjunction with other pesticides or animal health products.
- Contact a veterinarian immediately on observing the symptoms for timely treatment which could save the animal.
ANIMAL HEALTH GROUP, NATIONAL DAIRY DEVELOPMENT BOARD, ANAND